マキノ モトノリ    MAKINO Motonori
   牧野 元紀
   所属
人間文化学部 歴史文化学科
 
生活機構研究科 生活文化研究専攻
 
国際文化研究所 所属教員
   職種
准教授
言語種別 英語
発行・発表の年月 2013/12
形態種別 大学・研究所等紀要
招待論文 招待あり
標題 Local Administrators and the Nguyen Dynasty's Suppression of Christianity during the Reign of Minh Mang 1820-1841
執筆形態 単著
掲載誌名 Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko
掲載区分国内
出版社・発行元 TOYO BUNKO
巻・号・頁 (71)
概要 This article offers an insight into sociopolitical relations between the Christian community and the local bureaucracy of North Vietnam under the reign of Minh Mang (1820-1841) of the Nguyen dynasty.
The Western Tonkin Vicariate on which this article focuses had the largest Christian population in Vietnam at that time, and had been under the administration of the French catholic mission, Societe des Missions Etrangeres de Paris (MEP), since the middle of the 17th century. The core of this Christian community was situated in the provinces of Nam Dinh and that of Nghe An.
Before the formation of the Nguyen dynasty 1802, the anti Christian policies of the former North Vietnamese dynasties were executed differently in the two provinces. In general, the local authority of Nam Dinh severely suppressed Christianity and its communities at the request of central government. Conversely, that of Nghe An secretly protected the Christians and clergy while appearing to put anti Christian legislation into operation.
Through the analysis of documents conserved in the archives of the MEP and the chronicle of the Nguyen dynasty, this article proves that such a dual tendency continued under the reign of Minh Mang. This contradicts previous studies in this area that considers Minh Mang's policy of persecution against Christians to have been comprehensively executed throughout Vietnam.
In the province of Nam Dinh there were always Christian participants in rebellions against the reign of Minh Mang. Therefore the government decided to extinguish the power of the local Christian community and to this end, Minh Mang dispatched his loyal anti Christian mandarins such as Trinh Quang Khanh whose destructive local policies against Christianity in 1838 reduced the entire Christian community of Nam Dinh to ruins.
In contrast, the Christian communities of Nghe An were consistently protected by local high ranked mandarins such as Ho Huu who was a Christian civil mandarin, and Nguyen Dinh Tan who was also a civil mandarin and had profound sympathy for the Christians. On their initiatives regional safety networks between the local officers and Christians in Nghe An were created.
Although a severe policy of persecution against Christians was executed under the reign of Minh Mang, the Christian society survived in North Vietnam. This article makes clear that the durable Christian community in Nghe An played a vital role in the continuing existence of Christian society in North Vietnam.