ヤマナカ ケンタロウ    YAMANAKA Kentarou
   山中 健太郎
   所属
生活科学部 健康デザイン学科
 
生活機構研究科 生活科学研究専攻
 
生活機構研究科 生活機構学専攻
 
女性健康科学研究所 所属教員
   職種
教授
言語種別 日本語
発行・発表の年月 2004/07
形態種別 学術雑誌
標題 Selective activation and deactivation of the human brain structures between speeded and precisely timed tapping responses to identical visual stimulus: an fMRI study
執筆形態 共著
掲載誌名 NeuroImage
巻・号・頁 22(3),1291-1301頁
著者・共著者 Kudo K. Miyazaki M. Kimura T. Yamanaka K. Kadota H. Hirashima M. Nakajima Y. Nakazawa K. Ohtsuki T.
概要 We investigated the difference between brain activities in speeded and precisely timed responses to identical visual stimulus using fMRI. Stimulus used was a row of seven light-emitting diodes (LEDs) lightened up one after another with constant speed within a trial but with various speeds between trials. Subjects were asked to execute finger-thumb tapping with the right hand in response to the onset of the first LED light in the reaction time (RT) task and in anticipation of the onset of the last (i.e., seventh) LED light in the timing task. In control condition, they were asked to passively view the stimulus without motor response. Results showed that various movement-related areas including contralateral cingulate motor cortex were commonly activated for both tasks relative to the control condition, suggesting these structures are involved in general perception and response execution rather than specific function for speeded or precisely timed responses. In the RT task, the presupplementary motor area extending to the cingulate sulcus was activated more strongly than in the timing task probably to focus attention to the onset of the first LED light unpredictably presented after random foreperiods. The lateral occipital area extending to the temporo-parieto-occipital junction was activated more strongly in the timing task than in the RT task; the same area was deactivated in the RT task relative to the control condition. Auditory-related areas were also deactivated in the both tasks. This inter- and intramodal task-specific modification including deactivation underscores significance of the context for perception and action and can have an important role in dexterous or skilled performance.
DOI 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.03.043