ウメガキ ケイゾウ    UMEGAKI Keizo
   梅垣 敬三
   所属
生活科学部 食安全マネジメント学科
 
生活機構研究科 生活科学研究専攻
   職種
教授
言語種別 英語
発行・発表の年月 2008
形態種別 学術雑誌
査読 査読あり
標題 Health claim evidence requirements in Japan.
執筆形態 共著
掲載誌名 J Nutr
掲載区分国外
巻・号・頁 138(6),pp.1192S-1198S
著者・共著者 Yamada, K., Sato-Mito, N., Nagata, J., Umegaki K
概要 The current Japanese "Food with Health Claims" include 2 categories. For the first category, "Food with Nutrient Function Claims," the label may be freely used if a product satisfies the standard for the minimum and maximum levels per daily portion usually consumed. The second category is defined as "Food for Specified Health Uses" (FOSHU). FOSHU foods are those that contain dietary ingredients that have beneficial effects on the physiological functions of the human body, maintain and promote health, and improve health-related conditions. Health claims on these foods correspond to the category of "other" function claims of the Codex Alimentarius. However, claims of disease-risk reduction are not currently allowed under FOSHU with an exception for calcium and folic acid. Manufacturers can emphasize the characteristics of their products and promote sales by labeling or claims. Therefore, the labeling should be clear and correct and avoid any chance of misinterpretation. The labeling of health claims on foods should always be based on scientific evidence. Any manufacturer who applies to the government for approval under the FOSHU code for its product must tabulate both published available publications and internal reports on the effectiveness of the product and/or its ingredients and provide a summary of each available publication or report. The tabulation must include in vitro metabolic and biochemical studies, in vivo studies, and randomized controlled trials on Japanese people. The overall philosophy of the Ministry is to maintain and improve the health status of people and to prevent chronic noncommunicable diseases through an approach that involves a well-balanced diet as well as through the use of "health foods" including "Food with Health Claims."